The smooth newt, northern smooth newt or common newt is a species of newt commonly found throughout Europe, except the far north, areas of Southern France and the Iberian Peninsula. It is closely related with several similar species that were previously classified as subspecies.
The smooth newt has been described as "the most ubiquitous and widely distributed newt of the Old World". It ranges from Ireland (where it is the only newt species) and Great Britain in the west to central Asia (Siberia and northern Kazakhstan) in the east. In the north it reaches central Fennoscandia, and its southern limit is central France, southern Italy, the central Balkans and the dry Eurasian stteepe of Ukraine and Russia.
Smooth newts live on land during most of the year and are mainly nocturnal. They also usually hibernate on land, often in congregations of several newts in shelters such as under logs or in burrows. The efts turn into mature adults at two to three years, and an overall age of 6–14 years can be reached in the wild.
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